Ir Soekarno Biography
Ir Soekarno known as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia as well as the Hero Proclamation, Sukarno, who used to be called Bung Karno, born in Blitar, East Java, June 6, 1901 and died on June 21, 1970 in Jakarta. When he was born is called Koesno Sosrodihardjo. His father named Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and his mother Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. During his life, he had three wives and was blessed with eight children. Fatmawati wife have children from Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati and thunder. Wife of Hartini have Typhoon and Bayu, while the wife Ratna Sari Dewi, Japanese derivatives woman's real name Naoko Nemoto Kartika have children ..

Soekarno childhood just a few years living with his parents in Blitar. During elementary school until graduation, he lived in Surabaya, lodger in the house Haji Said Oemar Tokroaminoto, veteran politician founder of Syarikat Islam. Then continue their education at HBS (Hoogere Burger School). While studying at HBS, Sukarno has galvanized spirit of nationalism. After graduating HBS in 1920, moved to London and continued to THS (Technische Hoogeschool or Engineering High School which is now the ITB). He won the title "Ir" on May 25, 1926.

Then, he formulated and established the doctrine Marhaenisme PNI (Nationalist Party lndonesian) on July 4, 1927, with the goal of independent Indonesia. As a result, the Netherlands, put into prison Sukamiskin, London on December 29, 1929. While incarcerated, Sukarno to rely on his wife. Whole needs supplied by Inggit assisted by older brother Sukarno, Sukarmini or better known as Mrs. Ward. When transferred to the prison Sukamiskin, supervision of Sukarno increasingly hard and tight.

He is classified as a dangerous prisoner. Even to isolate Sukarno in order not to receive information from the outside, he combined with the prisoners 'elite'. This resistance group composed mostly of Dutch people involved in corruption, fraud, or embezzlement. Of course, chat with them does not connect with the young Sukarno who were eager to discuss the struggle for independence. At best what is discussed is about food, the weather, and the things that are not important. The first few months of a prisoner in Sukamiskin Bung Karno communication with his compatriots breaking point at all. But the truth is, there are a variety of ways and Sukarno made sense to keep outside information.
Ir Soekarno

It happened when the prison authorities allow Sukarno taken delivery of food and eggs from outside. Eggs are a Inggit merchandise is always strictly checked by guards before being accepted Bung Karno. As told by Mrs. Ward is quoted in the book 'The Young Bung Karno' InterCity Library published in 1978, the egg became a means of communication to spread outside the state prison. How, when Inggit send salted egg, it means bad news out there that befell fellow Bung Karno. But he could only guess the only bad news, because Inggit can not explain in detail.

Over time, Sukarno and Inggit then find more sophisticated ways to trick the Netherlands. The medium is still the same, eggs. However, the eggs had been stabbed with a fine needle and a more detailed message about the bad news it can be understood Bung Karno. One puncture in egg means all good news, two puncture means a friend were arrested, and three puncture means no large-scale ambushes against the independence movement activist.

During his sentence from December 1929 until released on December 31, 1931, Sukarno was never dijenguk by both parents who are Blitar. According to Ms. Ward, their parents Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai could not see that they are proud of the children were in the prison and dishonorable place in a powerless position.

Moreover, while in Sukamiskin, according to Ms. Ward, Soekarno conditions so skinny and black. But Bung Karno reasoned, he accidentally makes his skin turned black with work and moving out in the sun to heat up the bones. Because in the cell there is no sunlight, moist, dark, and cold. Eight months later a new trial. In his defense Sues titled Indonesia, he showed apostasy Netherlands, a nation that claimed more advanced it.

The defense made the Dutch more angry. So that in July 1930, the PNI was dissolved. After his release in 1931, Sukarno joined Partindo and well led. As a result, he was re-arrested by the Dutch and exiled to Ende, Flores, 1933. Four years later moved to Bengkulu.

After a long struggle, Bung Karno and Bung Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence on August 17, 1945. In BPUPKI session on June 1, 1945, Ir.Soekarno forward their ideas about the state he called Pancasila. Dated August 17, 1945, Ir Sukarno and Drs. Mohammad Hatta proclaimed Indonesia's independence. In the trial PPKI, August 18, 1945 Ir.Soekarno unanimously elected as the first President of the Republic of Indonesia.

Previously, he also managed to formulate that later became the basis of Pancasila (ideology) of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia. He tried to unite the archipelago. Even Sukarno tried to gather the nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America to the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955, which later evolved into the Non-Aligned Movement.

President Soekarno during his lifetime is known to have charm, easily conquering beautiful women he wants. History records Bung Karno married nine times. But many do not know what women like Dawn's beloved Son. For business turns criteria Bung Karno male figure is not adventurous. Bung Karno attention will be easily sucked in if they see a simple woman who dress modestly. Then, how Bung Karno viewing women look sexy? Never in one shot while walking together with Fatmawati, Bung Karno told the judgment against her. At that time the Bung Karno really falling in love with Fatmawati.
Fatmawati - Soekarno

"One evening when we were walking around together, Fatmawati ask me about the kind of women I like," said Soekaro in the book 'The Young Bung Karno' published by Inter-City Library. Bung Karno looked momentarily Fatmawati figure who was dressed modestly and decently. Bung Karno feeling really volatile, he's a little surprised at the question. "I looked at this country girl who dressed red baju kurung and yellow hooded diselubungkan politely. Told him, I love women with authenticity, not the modern women who wear short skirts, tight dresses and lipstick lips dazzling," said Soekarno.

"I prefer the old-fashioned woman who faithfully keep her husband and borne fetch his shoes. I do not like American women of the new generation, which I hear tell him to wash the dishes," he added. Maybe then Fatmawati Soekarno so fascinated to hear a straightforward answer. Until eventually mate them together. Fatmawati Sukarno married in 1943, and blessed with 5 children namely Guntur, Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati, and thunder. "I like women who are happy with the kids a lot. I really love children," she said.

According to Mrs. Fatmawati, and Bung Karno he never celebrated the anniversary, silver wedding Never or gold wedding, wedding anniversary 1st, 2nd or 3rd course never. The reason is not because they do not ever remember getting married. This may be because the time of the wedding, the time of the war is being wrapped. At that time World War II was raging and new Japanese came to colonize Indonesia.

"We never celebrate a silver wedding or a golden wedding. Because we consider it a matter of trivial, while we are always faced with enormous problems great and terrible," recalls Mrs. Bung Karno Fatmawati in the book The Young, published by Inter-City Library, 1978 .

Bung Karno and marriage life is full of turmoil Fatmawati struggle. Two years after they married, Indonesia achieved independence. But this is not finished, just when it reached a peak of physical struggle. Bung Karno certainly involved in every important moments of national struggle. The couple gave birth to their first son, namely Guntur Soekarnoputra. Guntur Sukarno was born at the time was 42 years old. Next born Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati, and thunder. Bung Karno sons and daughters are known to have high artistic talent. It is not strange considering Bung Karno is an admirer of the works of art figure, while Mrs. Fatmawati very good at dancing.

Since childhood, Soekarno puppet love story. He memorized many wayang stories since childhood. While still in school in Surabaya, Sukarno was willing to stay up if there are all-night wayang. He also likes to draw puppet on her slate. Currently detained in any prison Banceuy wayanglah stories that give strength to Sukarno. Inspired by Billy Glass, Soekarno confident the truth will prevail, despite having lost many times before. He believes someday the Dutch colonizers will be defeated by the struggle of the Indonesian people.

"Puppet show in the cell is not only fun and cheer. He also soothe and empower myself. Black shadows in my head evaporate like fog and I can sleep soundly with the affirmation of faith. Whereas the good will triumph over evil , "said Soekarno in his biography, written by Cindy Adams' Bung Karno, Indonesia mouthpiece People's Bung Karno Foundation published in 2007. Sukarno not only love of Javanese culture. He also admired dances from around the country. Soekarno also so amazed to dance safely come that the people of Papua. Due Soekarno love the arts and culture, the State Palace filled with a variety of paintings, sculptures and other art objects. every go to the area, Soekarno always looking for something unique to the area. He appreciates every artist, humanists to gamelan. Soekarno will take the time to talk about art and culture every morning, in addition to talking politics.

G-30-S/PKI uprising spawned intense political crisis that led to rejection of the Assembly on accountability. Instead the Assembly appointed Soeharto as Acting President. Moments were relegated at the Bogor Palace after G-30S/PKI, Soekarno kill time with mengiventarisir keroncong music popular in the 1930s that first and then disappeared. For his hard work and some artists keroncong, Sukarno managed to save some work keroncong. Setlah's health continued to deteriorate, which is on Sunday, June 21, 1970 he died at the army hospital. He was buried at Wisma Yaso, Jakarta and was buried in Blitar, East Java near the tomb of his mother, Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Confer the government as "Proclamation Hero".

Gait Political Biography of President Sukarno

1. Future National Movement

Bung Karno
Soekarno for the first time became famous when he became a member of Jong Java Surabaya branch in 1915. For those organizations that Soekarno nature of Java-centric and just think kebudyaan be a challenge. In the annual plenary meeting held Sukarno Surabaya branch Jong Java tumultuous session with a speech using the Java language ngoko (rough). A month later he sparked a fierce debate by suggesting that Java Jong newspaper published in Malay only, and not in Dutch.

In 1926, Sukarno founded the Algemene Studie Club in London which is the result of inspiration from Dr. Indonesische Study Club. Atopic Dermatitis. This organization became the forerunner of the Indonesian Nationalist Party which was founded in 1927. Sukarno's PNI activity in causing arrested Netherlands on December 29, 1929 in Yogyakarta and the next day moved to London, was sent to prison for Banceuy. In 1930 he moved to Sukamiskin and in that year he raised a phenomenal pledoi Indonesia Sues (plea), to be released again on December 31, 1931.

In July 1932, Sukarno joined the Party of Indonesia (Partindo), which is a fraction of the PNI. Sukarno was re-arrested in August 1933, and was exiled to Flores. Here, Soekarno almost forgotten by the national figures. But his spirit still burning as implied in every letter to a teacher named Ahmad Hasan Islamic Union.

In 1938 until 1942 Sukarno was exiled to Bengkulu province. Soekarno new free returns during the Japanese occupation in 1942.

2. The Japanese Occupation

At the beginning of the Japanese colonial period (1942-1945), the Japanese government had not noticed the movement of Indonesian figures mainly to "secure" its presence in Indonesia. It looks at the Movement 3A with characters and Mr. Shimizu. Shamsuddin is less popular.

But ultimately, the Japanese occupation government attention and at the same time utilizing Indonesian figures such as Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, and other organizations within each agency and institution to attract the hearts of the Indonesian population. Mentioned in various organizations such as Hokokai Java, Central People's Power (Putera), BPUPKI and PPKI, prominent figures such as Sukarno, Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara, KH Mas Mansour, and others mentioned and look so active. And finally national leaders to work together with the government to reach the Japanese occupation of Indonesia's independence, even though some are doing underground movement like Sutan Syahrir and Amir Sjarifoeddin because they think Japan is a dangerous fascist.

President Sukarno himself, during a speech before the opening of the reading of the text of the proclamation of independence, saying that even though we are cooperating with Japan in fact we believe and believe and rely on their own strength.

He was active in the preparation of business independence Indonesia, among which are formulated Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the fundamental basis of the Indonesian government, including formulating the text of the proclamation of Independence. He was persuaded to step aside to Rengasdengklok.

In 1943, Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo invited the Indonesian leader Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, and Ki Bagus Hadikoesoemo to Japan and received by Emperor Hirohito. Even the emperor gave imperial star (Holy Ratna) for the three Indonesian leaders. The awarding of the star makes the Japanese occupation government was surprised, because it means that the three Indonesian leaders was considered the Japanese imperial family itself. In August 1945, he was invited by Marshal Terauchi, the Army leadership in the Southeast Asian region Dalat Vietnam who later stated that the proclamation of Indonesian independence is a matter for the Indonesian people.

But his involvement in the organization of agencies established by the Japanese to make Sukarno was accused by the Netherlands in collaboration with Japan, among others, in the case of romusha.

3. Revolutionary War period

President Soekarno
Soekarno with national figures begin to prepare themselves before the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia. After hearing Investigation Agency Business BPUPKI Preparation of Indonesian Independence, Small Committee consisting of eight people (official), Small Committee consisting of nine / nine committee (which produces the Jakarta Charter) and the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence PPKI, Soekarno-Hatta Indonesia State founded based on Pancasila and the 1945 Constitution.

After seeing Marshal Terauchi in Dalat, Vietnam, Rengasdengklok events happened on the date August 16, 1945; Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta were persuaded by the youth to go away to boarding troops Map Rengasdengklok Defenders of the Homeland. Youth leaders who persuaded among others Soekarni, Wikana, Singgih and Chairul Saleh. The youths demanded that Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence immediately, because in Indonesia happened vacuum of power. This is because the Japanese had surrendered and Allied troops had not arrived. But Sukarno, Hatta and the figure declined on the grounds waiting for clarity about the Japanese surrender. Another reason is that developing the right moment to Soekarno establish the independence of the Republic of Indonesia which is chosen on August 17, 1945 when it coincided with Ramadan, the Muslim holy month which is believed to be the first month of the revelation of the Muslims to the Prophet Muhammad, Al Qur-an. On 18 August 1945, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta PPKI be appointed by the President and Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia. On August 29, 1945 on the appointment of a president and vice-president confirmed by KNIP. On 19 September 1945 at Soekarno authority to settle without bloodshed Ikada Field event where 200,000 people of Jakarta will clash with Japanese troops were still armed to the teeth.

On arrival Allies (AFNEI) led by Lieutenant General. Sir Philip Christison, Christison finally recognized Indonesian sovereignty de facto, after a meeting with President Soekarno. President Soekarno also try to resolve the crisis in Surabaya. However, due to provocation launched by troops NICA (Netherlands) to hitchhike Allies (under the British), burst events 10 November 1945 in Surabaya and the death of Brigadier General AWS Mallaby.

Because many provocations in Jakarta at the time, President Sukarno eventually move the capital of the Republic of Indonesia from Jakarta to Yogyakarta. Followed by the vice president and other senior state officials.

Position of President Soekarno in 1945 is the position of the President as head of government and head of state (presidential / single executive). During the revolution, the system of government changed to semipresidensiil / double executive. President Sukarno as head of state and Sutan Syahrir as Prime Minister / Head of Government. It happened because of the vice president's edict No. X, and the government announcement in November 1945 of a political party. It is taken to the Republic of Indonesia is considered a more democratic country.

Although the change of government system, when the revolution of independence, President Sukarno's position remains the most important, especially in the face of the Madiun Affair in 1948, and when the Dutch Military Aggression II that led to President Soekarno, Vice President Mohammad Hatta and several senior government officials detained the Netherlands. Although existing Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia (Emergency Government) with the chairman Sjafruddin Prawiranegara, but in fact the international and domestic situation still acknowledge that Soekarno-Hatta is the real leader of Indonesia, only policies that can resolve the dispute between Indonesia and the Netherlands.

4. Indonesian Independence period

After Sovereignty Recognition (Government of the Netherlands mentioned as delivery Sovereignty), President Sukarno was appointed as the President of the Republic of Indonesia (RIS) and Mohammad Hatta was appointed as prime minister of RIS. Office of President of the Republic of Indonesia submitted to Mr. Assaat, which became known as the Java-Yogyakarta Indonesia. However, due to the demands of the people of Indonesia who want to return to the unity of the country, then on August 17, 1950, RIS again changed to the Republic of Indonesia and President Sukarno became President. Mr Assaat mandate as acting President handed back to Ir. Sukarno. Official position of President Sukarno was president of the constitutional, but in fact government policy after consulting him.

Soekarno-Hatta Duet myth is quite popular and more powerful among the people compared to the prime minister head of government. Rise and fall of the cabinet which is famous as "fledgling cabinet" led President Soekarno less trusting multiparty system, even calling it a "disease of the party". Not infrequently, he also intervene to mediate conflicts within the military which also affected the rise and fall of the cabinet. October 17, 1952 such events and events in the Air Force. Sukarno and John F. Kennedy
Kennedy-soekarno

President Soekarno also provides many ideas in the international world. Concern over the fate of the peoples of Asia and Africa, still not independent, yet have the right to self-determination, causing the president Sukarno, in 1955, took the initiative to hold the Asian-African Conference in Bandung, which produced Dasa Sila. Known as the Bandung Asian-African Capital. Inequality and conflict due to a "time bomb" that left the western countries are still concerned that branded imperialism and colonialism, inequality and fears of the emergence of a nuclear war that changed civilization, injustice international agencies in conflict resolution is also a concern. With President Josip Broz Tito (Yugoslavia), Gamal Abdel Nasser (Egypt), Mohammad Ali Jinnah (Pakistan), U Nu, (Burma) and Jawaharlal Nehru (India) he held Asian-African Conference that led to the Non-Aligned Movement. Thanks to the services, many Asian and African countries that gained independence. But unfortunately, there are still many who experience prolonged conflict until today because of the injustice in problem solving, which is still controlled by powerful states or superpowers. Thanks to this addition, many people from the African region will not be forgotten when Soekarno remember or know about Indonesia. [Citation needed]

To carry out an independent foreign policy-active in the international world, President Sukarno visited many countries and met with leaders of the country. Among them was Nikita Khrushchev (Soviet Union), John Fitzgerald Kennedy (United States), Fidel Castro (Cuba), Mao Tse Tung (PRC).

End of Life Biography of President Sukarno

Soekarno health has begun to decline since August 1965. [26] Previously, he was declared suffering from kidney problems and had undergone treatment in Vienna, Austria in 1961 and 1964. [26] Prof. Dr.. K. Fellinger of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Vienna suggests that Sukarno left kidney removed, but he rejected it and prefer traditional medicine. He still survive for 5 years before finally died on Sunday, June 21, 1970 at Army Hospital (Central Army Hospital) Gatot Subroto, Jakarta with status as political prisoners. Soekarno's body was moved from the guesthouse to the Army Hospital Yasso owned by Ratna Sari Dewi. Stated before his death, a routine inspection of Sukarno was performed by Dr. Mahar Mardjono which is a member of the presidential medical team. Not long later issued a communiqué signed by the Chairman of the Medical Prof. Dr.. Mahar Mardjono along with Vice Chairman Major General Dr. (TNI AD) Rubiono Kertopati.

Although Sukarno had requested that he be buried in the Palace Slate, Bogor, but the government of President Soeharto chose Blitar, East Java, as the burial place of Sukarno. It was established by Presidential Decree No.. 44 in 1970. The bodies were taken to Blitar Soekarno day after his death and was buried the next day next to her mother's grave. Soekarno funeral led by armed forces commander Gen. M. Panggabean as inspector of the ceremony. The government then set a seven-day period to join.

Biodata Ir Soekarno
Ir Soekarno Proklamator

Birth Name: Koesno Sosrodihardjo
Full Name: Dr. Ir. Sukarno (reading: Sukarno)
Familiar name: Bung Karno / Pak Karno
Religion: Islam
Place & Date of Birth: Surabaya, East Java, June 6, 1901
Place and date of death: Jakarta, June 21, 1970
Dad: Raden Soekemi Sosrodihardjo
Mother: Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai
Wife: - Oetari (1921-1923)
        - Inggit Garnasih (1923-1943)
        - Fatmawati (1943-1956)
        - Hartini (1952-1970)
        - Manoppo Kartini (1959-1968)
        - Ratna Sari Dewi (1962-1970)
        - Haryati (1963-1966)
        - Yurike Sanger (1964-1968)
        - Heldy Djafar (1966-1969)
Children: - Guntur Soekarnoputra
           - Megawati Sukarnoputri
           - Rachmawati Sukarnoputri
           - Sukmawati Sukarnoputri
           - Thunder Soekarnoputra (from Fatmawati)
           - Typhoon Soekarnoputra
           - Bayu Soekarnoputra (from Hartini)
           - Totok Suryawan (from Kartini Manoppo)
           - Kartika Sari Dewi Sukarno (from Ratna Sari Dewi)
Profession: Engineer, Politician
Nationality: Indonesian
Zodiac: Gemini

EDUCATION
Primary school education in the Eerste inlandse School, Mojokerto
Primary school education in Europeesche Lagere School (ELS), Mojokerto (1911)
Hoogere Burger School (HBS) Mojokerto (1911-1915)
Technische Hoge School, London (now renamed Institut Teknologi Bandung) (1920)

AWARDS
Ir Soekarno Awards
Honorary doctorates from 26 universities at home and abroad, among others, of the University of Gajah Mada, Universitas Indonesia, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Padjadjaran University, Hasanuddin University, Jakarta State Islamic Institute, Columbia University (USA), Berlin University (Germany) , Lomonosov University (Russia) and Al-Azhar University (Egypt).
The award of first class Order of the Supreme Companions of OR Tambo is awarded in the form of medals, pins, sticks, and everything is coated gold badge of the South African President, Thabo Mbeki, at the Soekarno services in order to develop international solidarity against oppression by the developed countries and has been an inspiration to the people of South Africa in the fight against colonialism and apartheid free themselves from politics. The award ceremony held at the Presidential Office Union Buildings in Pretoria (April 2005).

Words of Wisdom Soekarno | Soekarno Quotes
Our great nation, we are not a nation of tempeh. We will not beg, we will not ask for it, especially if it aids
diembel embroider with this condition that requirement! Better eat cassava but independent of the feed Bestik but slaves. [Speech Anniversary of the Proclamation, 1963]
Great nation is a nation that respects the services of his hero. (10 Nop.1961 Heroes Day Speech)
Struggle easier because repel the invaders, but would be more difficult because your struggle against your own people.
Make this my suffering as a witness, that the power of a president even if there is a limit. Due to the lasting power is people power. And above all is the power of God Almighty.
If someone is still inside there is a sense of shame and fear to do something good, then it is a guarantee for the meeting he will not progress a single step.
Nation that does not believe in the power itself as a nation, can not stand as an independent nation.
 .......... Arise a world where all nations live in peace and brotherhood ......
Do not suppose we've all been pretty instrumental in terms of three colors. As long as there is still mourning in shacks our work done! Fight continues to pour as much-a lot of sweat.

Give me an old 1000, will be pulled from its roots semeru, give me 1 youth, surely I will shake the world
No one has to calculate: how lucky I got later of the Republic, when I struggled and sacrificed to defend

Do not look into the future with eyes blind! The past is useful to be glass bengala of the future.
References:
http://kolom-biografi.blogspot.com/2009/01/biografi-presiden-soekarno.html
http://www.biografi-tokoh.com/2012/11/biografi-soekarno-presiden-pertama.html
http://enetter.blogspot.com/2013/03/profil-biodata-biografi-presiden-soekarno-foto.html

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