R.A. Kartini Biography
Raden Ayu Kartini or sometimes known as Raden Ajeng Kartini, was born on April 21, 1879 in the town of Jepara, Central Java. He is one of a nobleman whose son was very obedient to the tradition. After graduating from elementary school he was not allowed to continue their education to a higher level by the parents. He secluded while waiting for the time to be married. Small Kartini very sad with this, he wanted to oppose but did not dare for fear of being considered a rebellious child. To eliminate the grief, he collects textbooks and other science books then read at home in the company of Simbok garden (aide).

Finally read into his interest, no day without reading. All books, including reading newspapers. If there is difficulty in understanding the books and newspapers he reads, he always asks his Father. Through this book, Kartini interested in the advancement of women think Europe (the Netherlands, who was still colonized Indonesia). Arise desire to promote Indonesian women. Women are not only the kitchen but also must have knowledge. He started with collecting the girls to be taught writing and other sciences. Amid his busy he did not stop to read and also write a letter to his friends who were in the Netherlands. Before long he was writing a letter to Mr.JH Abendanon. He begged awarded a scholarship to study in the Netherlands.

Scholarship had not gotten used Kartini as he married off by her parents to Raden Duke Joyodiningrat. After she married her husband go to the Apex area. Her husband understood Kartini and supporting women to establish schools. Thanks to his perseverance Kartini succeeded in establishing a Women's School in Semarang, Surabaya, Yogyakarta, Malang, Madiun, Cirebon and other areas. The school name is "Kartini Schools". Fame does not make Kartini being arrogant, he remained polite, respecting family and anyone else, does not differentiate between poor and rich.

On 17 September 1904, Kartini died at the age of 25, after she gave birth to her first son. After Kartini died, Mr.JH Abendanon memngumpulkan and posted the letters which had been sent to the RA Kartini his friends in Europe. The book entitled "DOOR DUISTERNIS TOT LICHT" which means "Out of Darkness to Light".

Hopefully this time will be reborn in Indonesia Kartini, Kartini else will fight for the interests of the many. In the era of Kartini, late 19th century until the early 20th century, the women of this country have not gained freedom in many ways. They are not allowed to obtain higher education like the guy has not even been allowed to determine partner / husband alone, and so forth.

Kartini was not free to choose even felt they had no choice at all because it was born as a woman, also always treated differently with his brothers and friends that man, and envy the freedom of Dutch women, eventually growing desire and determination in his heart to change the habits of the poor. Recently, the determination of the date of birth of the Kartini as somewhat moot. With a variety of arguments, each side giving their own opinions. People who are not so agree, there are just not celebrate Kartini Day, but at the same time to celebrate Mother's Day on 22 December.

The reason they are so no favoritism with women heroes of Indonesia. But more extreme to say, there is still another heroine who is more powerful than RA Kartini. According to them, it was just a territory battle in Jepara Kartini and Apex alone, Kartini also never bear arms against the invaders. And a variety of other reasons. While they are pro instead saying Kartini not just a figure of a woman who raised the degree of emancipation of Indonesian women alone but is a means of national figures, with new ideas and reforms that he has been fighting for the interests of the nation. The way he thought was in the national scope. Youth Pledge though not coined at that time, but his thoughts are not restricted to the ground kelahiranya or Java. Kartini had reached national maturity of thought that nationalism is like that proposed by the Youth Pledge 1928.

Regardless of the pros and cons, in this nation's history we know many of the names of heroine we like Cut Nya 'Dien, Cut Mutiah, Nyi. Ageng Serang, Dewi Sartika, Nyi Ahmad Dahlan, Ny. Walandouw Maramis, Martha Christina Tiahohu, and others. They fought in the area, at the time, and in different ways. There is fighting in Aceh, Java, the Moluccas, and other Manado. There is fighting in the Dutch colonial era, the Japanese colonial era, or after independence. There are striving to take up arms, there is through education, through the organization and there are other ways. They are all warriors of the nation, the nation's heroes who deserve our respect and emulate.

Raden Kartini itself is a hero who took a special place in our hearts with all ideals, determination, and his actions. Ideas magnitude has been able to mobilize and inspire the struggle of his people from ignorance is not realized in the past. With genuine courage and sacrifice, he was able to inspire his people from the shackles of discrimination. For women themselves, with initial efforts are now women in this country have enjoyed what is called the equality. The struggle is not over, in this era of globalization is still a lot of perceived oppression and unfair treatment of women.
R.A. Kartini
Biodata R.A Kartni:Full Name: Raden Kartini
Place / Date. Born: 21 April 1879 Jepara
Dad: Raden Mas Duke Ario Sosroningrat
Mother: M.A Ngasirah
Husband: K.R.M. Duke Ario Singgih Djojo Adhiningrat
Children: Raden Mas Soesalit
Died: 17 September 1904
RA Kartini married 
Raden Ayu Kartini At the time of the secluded and can not get out he spent his time reading, so read it as an avocation and hobby. From there he then thought to promote Indonesian women, could read and write and think ahead and have a general knowledge as owned European women at the time. To realize his dream then kartini collect her girlfriends relatives, neighbors, etc., to be taught to read and write, and since then he started to have a flurry of activity and as a teacher. However Kartini remain always read and also write to add insight and knowledge, including a letter he wrote to Mr.JH Abendanon, which contains a request scholarship to study in the Netherlands. However Scholarship received Kartini he could not use because he had to marry the man her parents exactly as you wish on 12 november 1903 (age 24 years) with KRM Duke Ario Singgih Djojo Apex Adhiningrat a regent who previously had 3 wives. Although already married Kartini still get the freedom and the support of her husband continue to advance its goals Indonesian women by setting up a girls' school in east gate complex Apex district office, or in a building that is now used as a Scout Hall Of RA Karini marriage was blessed with son named Raden Mas Soesalit who was born on 13 September 1904 and a few days later, exactly 17 september 1904 RA Kartini died at the age of 25 and was buried in the village of Fur, Fur District, Apex. To realize the struggle of the persistence of RA Kartini later in 1912 Semarang Kartini Foundation which was founded by the Van Deventer, a figure the Ethical Policy (Political Reply Budi) founded the girls' schools in Yogyakarta, Malang, Madiun, Surabaya, Cirebon and other areas in Indonesia and given the name 'School of Kartini' That's a little story and biography of RA Kartini which we know as the fighter for the rights of women to gain equal rights in education and science, because that's resurgence as a pioneer of indigenous women as well as women's emancipation fighters that time, each dated April 21, often celebrated 'Kartini Day' to commemorate the struggle.
Kartini
Door Duistermis tox Licht, "Out of Darkness to Light, which is the title of a book from a collection of letters of Raden Kartini famous. The letters were written to her friends in the Netherlands it later became evident how much of a Kartini's desire to release his people from discrimination that have been entrenched in his day."

Reference:
http://kolom-biografi.blogspot.com/2009/01/biografi-ra-kartini.html [1]
http://www.erabaca.com/2012/03/biografi-ra-kartini-biodata-profil.html [2]

BiographyPeople Say "Kartini's Day May 21, 2013"

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