Abdurrahman Wahid Biography
Kyai Haji Abdurrahman Wahid, Gus Dur was called, was the first son of six children, was born in Denanyar, Jombang, East Java, on August 4, 1940. Gus Dur was a descendant of 'blue blood'. His father, KH Wahid Hasyim is the son of KH Hasyim Ash'ari, founder of NU and founder of Pesantren Tebu Ireng Jombang. Mother, Hj is the daughter of the founder of Pesantren Sholehah Denanyar Jombang, Syansuri Bisri. His maternal grandfather was also an NU leader, who became Rais' Aam NU after KH Abdul Wahab Hasbullah.

Biography Of Abdurrahman Wahid - Gus Dur
Gus Dur Biography

In 1949, when the clash with the Dutch rule ended, his father was appointed as the first Minister of Religious Affairs, so the family moved to Jakarta, Wahid Hasyim. Guests, made up of the previous figures is common in his grandfather's house, while his father continued to be ministers of religion. This provides a special experience for Gus Dur. He became acquainted with the political world heard of his father's colleagues. Since childhood, she has marked the various cues that Gus Dur will experience a different life line and have full awareness of responsibility for NU. On April 1953, Wahid went with his father to drive to the area of ​​West Java to formalize madrassa. Somewhere along the mountains between Cimahi-Bandung, car accident. Gus Dur could be rescued, but her father died. Death of her father brings its own influence in his life. In daily life, Gus Dur had a penchant read and diligently exploit his father's personal library. He is also active in visiting the public library in Jakarta. In the teen years, Gus Dur was familiar with a variety of magazines, newspapers, novels and books seriously. The works are read not only the story, the main story of martial arts and fiction, but the discourse of philosophy and foreign documents. He also enjoys playing soccer, chess, and music. Another craze is watching movies. This raises profound appreciation of his interest in film. This is why Gu Dur in 1986-1987 was appointed as the chairman of the Indonesian Film Festival jury. Gus Dur's adolescence was spent mostly in the Jogjakarta and Tegalrejo. In two places the development of science began to increase. The next period, Gus Dur in Jombang, in boarding Rice Pond, until then continued his studies in Egypt. Before leaving for Egypt, his uncle had melamarkan a girl for him, the child Nuriyah Sprott H Muh Sakur. Marriage performed when he was in Egypt.

Classical Music Gus Dur
Gus Dur
First learning, learning in small Wahid grandfather, KH Hasyim. When at home with his grandfather, he taught the Koran and read the Qur'an. In the age of five he had read the Qur'an fluently. At the time his father moved Jakarta, in addition to formal learning in school, Gus Dur Dutch private lessons. Lesnya teacher named Willem Buhl, a German who had converted to Islam and changed his name to Alexander. To add to the Dutch language lessons, Buhl always present with classical music. This is the first time Dur Gu contiguity with the Western world and from here anyway Gus Dur became interested and loved classical music. Ahead of primary education, Wahid won a writing competition (fabricated) as Jakarta. Therefore common that the many posts Wahid then decorate various mass media. After graduating from elementary school, his parents sent Gus Dur study in Jogjakarta. In 1953 he entered the SMEP (School of Economics First) Gowongan, he studied at Pesantren Krapyak. This school is managed though the Roman Catholic Church, but is fully using secular curriculum. This school is also the first in Gus Dur learn English. Gus Dur was then asked to move to the city and live in the house H Junaidi, a local leader of Muhammadiyah and influential people in the SMEP. Routine activities, after morning prayers, recite the KH Ma'sum Krapyak, during the school day in SMEP, and in the evening join discussions with members of Muhammadiyah H Junaidi and others. When a student SMEP, Gus Dur was encouraged by his teacher to master the English language, so that within one or two years Gus Dur spend some books in English. Among the books he read was the work of Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbach, and William Faulkner. He also read some works of Johan Huizinga, Andre Malraux, Ortega Y Gasset, and several works of Russian writers such as Pushkin, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and Mikhail Sholokov. Gus Dur also devoured some work wiill Durant's 'The Story of civilazation'. Gus Dur also actively listening to radio broadcasts of Voice of America and BBC London. To learn that Gus Dur is proficient in Britain, Mr. Sumatri-a teacher who is also a member SMEP Communist Party-giving book Lenin's 'What Is To Be Done'. At the same time, children are entering adolescence have known his Das Kapital Karl Marx, the philosophy of Plato, Thales, and so on. After graduating SMEP, Wahid continued to study at boarding school Tegalrejo Magelang. The boarding school nurtured KH Chudhari, scholars who introduced Abdurrahman Sufi rites. Under the guidance of the scholars did, Gus Dur making pilgrimages to the tombs of the wali in Java. Spent two years at the seminary Tegalrejo, Gus Dur and then returned to live in boarding school Jombang Rice Pond. At that age approaching 20 years, so in his uncle's boarding school, KH Abdul Fatah, he became a chaplain, and became head of security. At the age of 22 years, Gus Dur to the holy land to perform the pilgrimage, then to Egypt to study at Al Azhar University.

Gus Dur in 1966 moved to Iraq. He entered the Department of Religion at the University of Baghdad until 1970. Off-campus, Gus Dur diligently visited the tombs of the saints, including the tomb of Sheikh Abdul Qadir Al-Jilani, the founder of the congregation of pilgrims Qadiriyah. He was also concerned with the teachings of Imam Junaid al-Baghdadi, founder of the congregation followed Sufism NU. This is where the Gus Dur locate the source of spirituality. Of Baghdad, Gus Dur want to continue their studies in Europe. But because of stringent requirements, especially in language, for example to get a classic study in Kohln Hebraw must master the language, Greek or Latin in addition to German-language, can not be fulfilled, finally done was a student traveling from one university to another. Gus Dur eventually settled in the Netherlands for six months and established the Indonesian Muslim Student Association and Malaysian who live in Europe. For the cost of living overseas, twice a month she went to the port to work as a cleaner tanker.

Career Gus Dur
Abdurrahman Wahid

Coming home from wanderings in search of knowledge, Gus Dur back to Jombang, chose to be a teacher. In 1971 he joined the Faculty of the University of Sugarcane Ireng Ushuludin Jombang. Three years later became secretary of Pesantren Tebu Ireng, and the same year he began to pursue sebagaii columnist. In 1974 Wahid asked his uncle, KH Yusuf Hasyim help in Pesantren Tebu Ireng with a secretary. He began to frequently gets invited as resource persons in a number of discussion forums, both at home and abroad. Furthermore Gus Dur involved the activities of NGOs. First LP3ES Dawam Rahardjo, Aswab Mahasin, and project development Sasono in schools, then Gus Dur led P3M LP3ES established. In 1979 Wahid moved to Jakarta. At first he pioneered Pesantren Ciganjur. In the early 1980s Gus Dur scribes advisory is believed to be representative of NU. Here Gus Dur seriously engage discussion and debate on the issue of religious, social and political circles with various cross religious, ethnic and disciplines. Careers that are considered 'deviant'-in his capacity as a religious leader at a time when the board is to be chairman of the NU Jakarta Arts Council (JAC) in 1983. He also became chairman of the jury in the Indonesian Film Festival (FFI), 1986, 1987. In 1984, Gus Dur was chosen unanimously by the team of ahl al-hall wa 'aqdi headed by KH As'ad Syamsul Arifin to occupy the post of chairman of NU in the 27 NU congress in Situbondo. The post was re-confirmed at the 28th congress at the school Krapyak Jogjakarta (1989), and Cipasung conference in West Java (1994). Post of chairman of NU then released when Gus Dur presidency 4th RI. Although he became president, Abdurrahman kenylenehan not lost. Gus Dur became president while the vice president Megawati Sukarnoputri. Gus Dur's career record is also worth noting is the time to be chairman of the Democratic Forum (1991-1999), with a number of members comprising various circles, particularly nationalists and non-Muslims. It provides an overview of the way how complex and complicated journey Abdurrahman Wahid, meet all kinds of people living with ideological backgrounds, cultures, interests, social strata and different thinking.

Appreciation
KH Abdurrahman Wahid

In 1993, Wahid received a Ramon Magsaysay Award, a prestigious award enough for Community Leadership category.
Wahid has been named as the "Father of Chinese" by some Chinese figures Semarang in Tay Kak Sie Temple, Gang Lombok, which is known as the Chinatown neighborhood on March 10, 2004.
He received an award from the Simon Wiesenthal Center, a foundation engaged in the enforcement of human rights. Wahid was awarded the prize because they think he is one of the leaders who care about human rights issues. Gus Dur gain an appreciation of Valor Mebal based in Los Angeles since Wahid considered to have the courage to defend minorities, one of them in the defense of religious Confucianism in Indonesia in obtaining their rights that had stuck during the New Order era. Wahid also received an award from Temple University. His name immortalized as the name of the study group Abdurrahman Wahid Chair of Islamic study. On July 21, 2010, although it had died, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award in the News 6 Awards 2010. The award was handed over directly to Sinta Nuriyah, wife of Gus Dur.

Tasrif Award-AJI
On August 11, 2006, and Gus Dur Arivia girl getting Tasrif Award-AJI as the Press Freedom Struggle 2006. This award is given by the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI). Gus Dur and the girl judged to have passion, vision, and commitment in the fight for freedom of expression, equal rights, the spirit of diversity, and democracy in Indonesia. Gus Dur and the girl chosen by a jury consisting of cultural Butet Kertaradjasa, chief editor of The Jakarta Post Endy Bayuni, and Chairman of the National Commission for Women Chandra Kirana. They won over 23 other candidates. Award Award for Gus Dur Tasrif protests from the journalists who attended the press conference. A reporter said that just because Gus Dur effort against Bill Anti-Pornography and Porno-action, he received the award. While other journalists like Ati Nurbaiti, former Chairman and journalists AJI Indonesia The Jakarta Post denied and questioned the relationship Wahid struggle against RUU APP with press freedom.

Honorary Doctorate
Abdurrahman Wahid - Gus Dur

Gus Dur also holds an Honorary Doctorate many (Doctor Honoris Causa) from various educational institutions:
Honorary Doctorate in Philosophy of Law from Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand (2000)
Honorary Doctorate from the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand (2000)
Honorary Doctorate of Law and Political Science, Economics and Management Sciences, Humanities and Sciences of the University Pantheon Sorbonne, Paris, France (2000)
Honorary Doctorate from Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand (2000)
Honorary Doctorate from the University of Twente, The Netherlands (2000)
Honorary doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru University, India (2000)
Honorary Doctorate from the University of Soka Gakkai, Tokyo, Japan (2002)
Honorary Doctorate of Humanities from the University of fields Netanya, Israel (2003)
Honorary Doctorate of Law from Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea (2003)
Honorary Doctorate of Sun Moon University, Seoul, South Korea (2003)

Abdurrahman Wahid Quote
Abdurrahman Wahid Quote

More Abdurrahman Wahid Quote
“All too many Muslims fail to grasp Islam, which teaches one to be lenient towards others and to understand their value systems, knowing that these are tolerated by Islam as a religion.” 
―Abdurrahman Wahid
“If we cling to the institution of Islam, then we tend to defend it against whatever we see as a danger to it, so because of this we see now that many people are defending states, defending territories, defending everything institutional in the belief that they defend Islam.” 
―Abdurrahman Wahid
“I don't talk in ifs.” 
―Abdurrahman Wahid
“I do not like violence.” 
―Abdurrahman Wahid
Reference:
http://biografi.rumus.web.id/biografi-kyai-haji-abdurrahman-wahid/
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdurrahman_Wahid

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